Jammu and Kashmir forms India’s head and is adorned with the crown of Himalayas. It is the northernmost state of the Republic of India and shares an international border with China and Pakistan.
The state has three regions:
Jammu - famous for temples and shrines. The place attracts thousands of Hindu pilgrims.
Kashmir Valley - famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape; A potpourri of lakes, rivers, high altitude meadows, fruit orchards and snow capped peaks. The Vale of Kashmir 135 km long and 32 km wide, is surrounded by majestic snow-capped mountains. This densely settled and beautiful valley has an average height of 1,850 metres (6,070 ft) above sea-level but the surrounding Pir Panjal range has an average elevation of 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). This mountainous region has heavenly beauty and diversity offering much in the way of outdoor activities and sights for the tourists.
Ladakh - also known as "Little Tibet", is famous for its marvelous mountain beauty, Buddhist culture and Kawa, traditional green tea with spices and almond. Ladakh ("land of high passes") stands at an altitude of 3,500 meters and is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir. Its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet as it is inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil. Moon like dramatic landscapes, high passes, enchanting lakes, monks chanting mantras and prayers make Leh-ladakh truly a paradise. If there’s any place on earth which can give you the feeling of being in heaven then its Ladakh.
Most of the buildings in the Valley and Ladakh are made from softwood and are influenced by Indian, Tibetan, and Islamic architecture. The inhabitants of J&K belong to three religions, with Kashmir being mainly Muslim, Jammu being mainly Hindu and the Ladakhis divided almost equally between Buddhists and Muslims.